San Francisco is located on the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula and is the second most densely populated city in the U.S. It was founded in 1776 and grew rapidly due to the California Gold Rush. The city was devastated in 1906 by an earthquake and fire, but was rebuilt with the exception of the Victorian homes that line the streets. Referred to as the 'Painted Ladies', the homes were restored to their original state and remain a recognizable trait of the city.
San Francisco has established a system called the 49-Mile Scenic Drive that identifies major attractions and historical structures throughout the city. Among the attractions are Fisherman's Wharf and Chinatown. Fisherman's Wharf is one of the most popular tourist attractions and home to Pier 39. Alcatraz Island is another attraction. The island began as a lighthouse and later turned into a military base and federal prison in 1850.
San Francisco is also famous for its cable cars and winding streets. The city's most notable attraction and achievement is the Golden Gate Bridge. The city has dedicated multiple recreational areas to the landmark, including the Golden Gate Park. The bridge also covers Fort Point, located at the southern side of the bridge.
|Alcatraz Island||Golden Gate Bridge.||Pier 39.|
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